Civic Long Weekend

Our clinic will be closed on August 5th Monday.

Posted on Jul 3, 2024

After Hour Clinic

Please call 905-948-9595 Monday - Thursday 5-8pm. Weekend 9am-3pm.

Posted on Jun 30, 2024

Dr. Zand

Dr. Zand will cover Dr. Ye till July 26th.

Posted on Jun 15, 2024

Flu Shot

Seasonal flu shot is available now. Please call to book an appointment.

Posted on Oct 17, 2023


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Posted on Sep 1, 2022

How to get copies of lab reports ?

Please check info under Office Policies

Posted on May 31, 2020

Choose Wisely

Choosing Wisely Canada is a campaign to help physicians and patients engage in conversations about unnecessary tests, treatments and procedures.

Posted on Sep 27, 2015

Cervical Cancer Screening

What is a Pap test?

A Pap test:

  • looks for changes in the cells of the cervix (the
    opening of the uterus)
  • is done by a doctor, nurse or nurse practitioner.

Why do I need to have a Pap test?

  • A Pap test can prevent cancer of the cervix.
  • Regular Pap tests find cell changes in the cervix early.
  • Small changes in the cells of the cervix can sometimes lead to cancer.
  • Most early changes can be treated before they become cancer.

Your risk of getting cancer of the cervix increases as you get older.

Who needs a Pap test?

All women who have ever had any sexual contact need to have regular Pap tests.  This includes:

  • women who have had sexual touching with a partner
  • women who no longer have sex
  • women who have sex with women
  • women who have reached menopause (no more monthly bleeding).

Some women who have had a hysterectomy may also need to have Pap tests. Talk with your health care provider about what you need!

How often should I have a Pap test?

Cervical cancer screening is recommended every three years for all women starting at age 21 who are or ever have been sexually active.

  • Sexual activity includes intercourse, as well as digital or oral sexual activity involving the genital area with a partner of either gender.
  • Women, who are not sexually active by 21 years of age, should delay cervical cancer screening until sexually active.
  • Regardless of sexual history, there is no evidence to support screening women under 21 years of age.
  • Based on the latest clinical evidence, cervical cancer screening every three years is effective.
  • Pap tests can stop at age 70 in women who have had three or more normal tests in the prior 10 years.

If my Pap test shows cell changes, what does this mean?

  • For most women, an “abnormal” Pap test does NOT mean you have cancer.
  • Often, these cell changes go away without any treatment.
  • If they do not go away, you can receive treatment for the cell changes. Your treatment will depend on the kind of cell changes you have and your needs.

Follow your treatment plan. It is the most important thing you can do.

What is HPV?

  • HPV is a common virus called Human Papillomavirus.
  • It is found in both men and women. 
  • There are over 100 types of HPV.
    • some HPV types can cause skin or genital warts.
    • other types of HPV can cause cancer of the cervix.

How do people get HPV?

  • HPV can spread, through any sexual activity with a partner (such as skin-to-skin contact, oral or anal sex, sexual intercourse or sharing sex toys)
  • About 4 out of 5 people who have sex will come into contact with HPV at some time.
  • Your body’s own defenses (immune system) can often fight off this virus, but that doesn’t always happen.
  • Most of the time, there are no symptoms. You may not even know that you have HPV.

What is the link between HPV and cancer of the cervix?

  • Some types of HPV can cause cell changes (infections) in the cervix.
  • Most HPV infections go away on their own.
  • Sometimes, they do not and over time, these changes may cause cancer if they are not found early and treated.  
  • Most women with HPV infection do NOT get cancer of the cervix.

It is hard to avoid HPV if you are sexually active,but you can reduce your risk.

How can I lower my risk of getting HPV?

  • Limit the number of sexual partners.  
  • Use a condom.
  • Delay first sexual activity.
  • Avoid tobacco.
  • Take good care of your health. 
  • Ask your doctor if you should get HPV vaccine.

What is HPV vaccine?

  • It is a vaccine for girls and women 9 to 26 years old.
  • It protects against some types of HPV that can cause cancer of the cervix.
  • Grade 8 females in Ontario may get the vaccine for free at school.

HPV vaccine does not protect you from all types of HPV. That’s why it is very important to have regular Pap tests.


(From Cancer Care Ontario)





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